Denmark dan polisi ayam halal.

Sewaktu aku berada di SVEPM, 2011, aku berkesempatan berborak dengan Sharmaine, teman dari Bangladesh mengenai sektor ternakan ayam di Denmark. Katanya, disebabkan Denmark adalah pengeksport ayam terbesar ke negara UAE, maka mereka telah menukar polisi rumah sembelihan ayam kepada sembelihan ayam halal. Jadi di Denmark, kesemua ayam adalah halal. Tak adalah masalah nak cari ayam halal, dan harga ayam taklah mahal seperti di Holland ni.

Bila aku google dalam internet mengenai polisi tersebut, aku terjumpa website ini dan aku paste kan di bawah mengenainya.

http://danishmeat.eu/DMRI/Knowledge_abo/Slaughter_of_/Halal_slaught.aspx

Halal slaughter

The Danish poultry abattoirs have over the years been asked about halal slaughter by consumers. The questions from the consumers and the media on halal slaughter are often about how it is done; particularly whether the chickens are stunned prior to the slaughter. Many also wish to know how the connection is between the Danish poultry industry and the Muslim organisations that certify that the chickens have been halal slaughtered.

How is halal slaughter done?

It is important to start by stating that the slaughter method for poultry is exactly the same regardless of whether it is halal slaughter or not.

One of the misunderstandings about halal slaughtered poultry is that it is believed that the animals are not stunned prior to slaughter. This is not the case; all poultry must, according to the law, be stunned prior to slaughter. Poultry can, in very special circumstances, be slaughtered without stunning, but this is not practiced at poultry abattoirs that are members of the Danish Poultry Meat Association.

The poultry is stunned to achieve an unconscious condition by transfer through an electrified water bath. The current must not be strong enough to kill the animal.

Both neck arteries of the animal are severed after the stunning to ensure fast death and de-bleeding. The slaughter is done manually or with a rotating knife.

The slaughter must, according to the law, be observed by an abattoir operator to ensure that the animals do not suffer unnecessary harm. At Danish poultry abattoirs these operators are Muslims.

When slaughter starts, and every time there has been a break, the Muslim operator says a prayer to himself. It says in translation: “In God’s name. Allah is the greatest”. This is the only factor by which halal slaughter differs from ‘ordinary’ slaughter.

Why is halal slaughter used in Denmark?

Danish poultry is halal slaughtered because large quantities are exported to Muslim countries. It is not known at the time of slaughter where the poultry is to be sold. The slaughter method does not differ from what would be done for export to non Muslim countries. It is therefore most practical to halal slaughter the complete production.

Will the Danes have to pay for the halal labelling?

The customers in Denmark and other non Muslim countries do not pay extra for halal slaughtered poultry.

When poultry is exported to Muslim countries it must be accompanied by a certificate guaranteeing that the meat is halal slaughtered. The certificate is not free of charge and must be signed by a Muslin organisation in Denmark. The Danish poultry abattoirs use two Muslim organisations that can issue such certificates: Islamic Culture Centre and Muslim World League.

The extra cost for these certificates is paid by the importers in the Muslim countries. Non-Muslim countries do not require this certificate, and there is therefore no extra cost for importers in these countries or Danish supermarkets for buying halal slaughtered poultry meat. Consumers in Denmark and other non Muslim countries thus do not pay more for halal slaughtered poultry.

Is it possible to get poultry that is not halal slaughtered in Denmark?

Vellingegaard Slaughterhouse is the only member of the Danish Poultry Meat Association, which produces poultry exclusively for the home market. Therefore it does not perform halal slaughter.

Ulasan aku:

Bila diteliti proses semasa menyembelih, rasanya tak tumpah seperti di kilang pemprosesan ayam AYAMAS (KFC). Sebab di sana juga menggunakan electrified water bath. Tapi di kilang ayamas, setiap ekor ayam disemebelih secara manual dan bukan menggunakan rotating blade. Jadi aku tak boleh nak bayangkan cara rotating blade digunakan. Yang aku tahu, kalau buat secara manual, ayam akan disembelih lepas digantung dan disebabkan ayam dah lemah tak adalah ayam tu nak terbang sana-sini.

Kemudian aku dan suami debatkan adakah ayam itu halal kalau gunakan stunning gitu? Kami berpendapat halal atas sebab electrified waterbath tu patutnya voltan sangat rendah dan hanya menyebabkan ayam pengsan dan sebab utama ayam mati adalah kerana disembelih secara halal (Lepas stunned). Tapi itu tak bermakna kami menerima stunning electrified bath. Kami berdua menolaknya atas sebab perkara itu sebenarnya menyiksa ayam terbabit sebelum mati sebab tujuan sebenar sembelihan secara halal adalah untuk mengurangkan waktu haiwan tersebut dalam kesakitan. Kalau ada siapa2 yang boleh beritahu stunning tu tak menyiksakan, silalah berbuat demikian.

Kemudian, kami berdua rasa teruja dengan polisi Denmark atas sebab sekiranya ini turut dilaksanakan di Malaysia, ia boleh mengurangkan penipuan mengenai status ayam halal di Malaysia. Malaysia sudah memenuhi kuota pengeluaran ayam, kenapa tidak juga mengeluarkan ayam halal dan bukan sijil halal semata-mata. Kami berpendapat, di Malaysia, patutnya ayam yang dihasilkan berstatus halal. Oleh itu, seharusnya bukan Ayamas sahaja yang berkecimpung dalam perkara ini bahkan kerajaan perlu membina abattoir untuk mengeluarkan ayam berstatus halal. Ini rasanya bukan sahaja boleh menjamin status halal bahkan ayam terhasil lebih bersih dan tidak mudah rosak. Mengikut kajian, ayam yang disembelih secara halal tidak cepat rosak sebab semua darah sudah terpancut keluar. Darah seperti yang diketahui adalah medium terbaik untuk bakteria membiak.  Jadi dalam hal ini, seluruh pengguna mendapat manfaat dan bukan itu sahaja, industri makanan (hotel, restoren, pemprosesan makanan) akan turut mendapat manfaat dari polisi ini.

p/s: Malaysia negara Islam, patut bukan ada sijil halal, tapi sijil haram!


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